Pedagohiya ng Kaligtasan: Community-Based Hazard Identification and Assessment Project through the Application of Problem-Based Learning Approach in Senior High School
Sheryl Santoyo – Andal
Rosario Integrated National High School
Rosario, Batangas, Philippines
Disaster preparedness and risk reduction are recognized as fundamental actions for creating a safe future and for reducing the severity of losses during disasters. In this context, DRRR education was included in the curriculum of the K-12 Basic Education Curriculum. Innovative use of the problem-based learning (PBL) approach was applied as a pedagogical approach in DRRR subjects in this study. It was used to test how effective is the PBL approach in engaging the respondents to propose and suggests feasible solutions to the identified community hazards. Further, to assess if the academic profile relevant to the basic concept of hazards of the respondents will significantly become more positive before and after exposing the students to the PBL approach. The research utilizes data analysis with a One-Group Pretest Posttest Design. Thirty-one (31) Grade 11 STEM students from Rosario National High School enrolled in the DRRR subject are the participant of this research. The research runs for the entirety of the SY 2018-2019 second semester. Its procedure was divided into three phases; Phase 1: conduct a pre-test without the PBL approach. Phase 2: the development of the learning tasks in DRRR lessons using the PBL approach Phase 3: conduct post-tests after the participants took the learning tasks in DRRR lessons using the PBL approach. The study revealed that students exposed to the PBL approach gain higher grade ratings from satisfactory to outstanding. There is a significant increase in the problem-solving skills of the students at 0.05 after being taught using the PBL approach on concepts of hazards and how to identify them in the community. PBL approach is significantly effective in engaging the respondents to propose and suggests feasible solutions to the identified community hazards. The proposed action plan should be realized to enhance the student’s academic performance in DRRM lessons using the PBL approach.
Keywords: disaster risk reduction; PBL (problem-based learning) approach; pedagogy; problem-solving skill